Guangchang County is located in the border of central Gandong and the southern end of Fuzhou. It belongs to the source of Fuhe River (旴 江). The plains and hills are interlaced. The climate is mild, the rainfall is abundant, the frost-free period is long, and the light is sufficient, which is very suitable for white lotus growth. Guangchang has a long history of planting white lotus, which was called "Gonglian" in ancient times. There is a written record that began during the Yifeng years of the Tang Dynasty (676-679). According to Ming Zhengde's Jianchang Manuscript: "The white lotus pond is in the east of the Hui'an Temple Zen Temple in the county. During the Tang Yifeng years, the residents once planted red lotuses. The number suddenly changed. For white, the petals of the Golden Fan Guanyin, and Yan Nai's house as a temple, became Bi again a few years later. Song Xing Ning, the elder Zhinon rebuilt the temple, the pond after the birth of Rui lotus, built the church on the pond, "It has been more than 1300 years.
Regarding the history of the lotus planting in Guangchang, there is a story circulating in the folk: According to legend, the plague was spread in ancient times. A kind-hearted and boundless magic lotus lotus girl held the lotus to dispel the disease, saved the life of the village, and taught people. Plant lotus. Since then, white lotus has flourished, plague has become extinct, and humans have flourished. In addition, the Yue people have the custom of breaking tattoos, and everyone has lotus petals painted on them. From the geographical scope, Guangchang belongs to the place where the ancient Yue people lived and lived. Therefore, before the "Yifeng" of Tang Dynasty, Guangchang had a custom of planting lotus since ancient times. In the history of more than 1,000 years of production of white lotus, Guangchang folk gradually formed a set of folk customs related to lotus. Guangchang folk lotus lanterns, such as portable lotus lantern, shoulder-mounted lotus basket, lotus lamp, lotus bowl lamp, lotus root lamp, etc., have local characteristics. Every year on the twenty-fourth day of the lunar calendar, lotus farmers call it "the birthday of lotus" (the habit is simply called "lotus festival"). During the three days from twenty-four to twenty-six days, a lotus ceremony will be held to reward the lotus god. Pray for well-being, celebrate a good harvest, and people from the borders of several provinces, such as Jiangxi and Fujian, came to participate and were very lively.
Guangchang has been called "Lianxiang" since ancient times. According to legend, on the 26th day of the lunar calendar on the 26th day of the lunar calendar, the county grandfather invited Xiangxian Moke to sit in a uniquely shaped pavilion and water pavilion, overlooking the lotus field through leaking windows. Poetry is expressive. There is a poem to prove "Thousands of lotus flowers three feet in water, a crescent moon and half pavilion." The later "Lianxiangtang" was widely circulated in the folk, and it has followed each other. In the folk spoken language, "fragrant" and "township" are homophonic, and Guangchang will later call it "Lianxiang". Since the 1930s, there have been newspapers and magazines that have called Guangchang "Lianxiang", the most authoritative of which is the book "Chinese Economic Capitals, Famous Townships, and Famous Names" (Editor Ma Hong, China Development Press) ). In 1995, Guangchang County was awarded the title of "China's Hometown of White Lotus" at the First Naming Conference of One Hundred Special Chinese Products Held by the Great Hall of the People. In April 1999, Guangchang County was awarded the title of "China's High-Quality White Lotus" in a large-scale publicity campaign for the "Hometown of Chinese Characteristics" launched by the People's Daily. "Lianhua Ancient Town" is well-known for its rich production of white lotuses and the formation of a white lotus distribution market for thousands of years. In the more than 50 ancient buildings of the Ming and Qing dynasties preserved today, beautifully carved lotus decorative patterns can be seen everywhere. Reputation. In recent years, relevant provincial and municipal departments have adopted Yiqian as "the birthplace of Chinese lotus culture" to promote special tourism to the society. The provincial government announced in 2003 that Yiqian was the first batch of historical and cultural towns in the province.
There are two traditional varieties planted in Guangchang Bailian, one is "Guangchang White Hualien" and the other is "Guangchang Baiyelian". "Guangchang White Hualien" is a pink single-petal flower, which is close to the morphological characteristics of wild lotus, which may have evolved gradually after the ancients transplanted wild lotus. "Guangchang Baiyelian" is a red semi-double-petaled flower, which may be artificially selected by ancients from genetically mutated single plants. "Guangchang County Chronicle" records that "after several years, it has become green again", which refers to the variation of the "variety" of white lotus. The "Bi" lotus narrated in "Chinese Lotus" first appeared in Yuan Dynasty "Compendium of Materia Medica", while the "Yifeng" recorded in "Guangchang White Lotus" appeared "Bi" lotus in the Tang Dynasty, six or seven hundred earlier. Years of history. In the four years of Xining in the Song Dynasty (1071 AD), Zhou Dunyi served as Zhinan Kangjun (now in Xingzi County, Jiangxi), and he dug the "love lotus pond" and planted lotus flowers introduced from Guangchang. Ming Zhengde's "Jianchang Fuzhi" records that in the early Ming Dynasty, Chilian in front of the official warehouse of Linjiaoli (now Guangchang Ganzhu) suddenly gave birth to a different species. Zhengdejian revived two kinds of red and white, the color and taste are very common.
In the 1990s, the Guangchang White Lotus Scientific Research Institute cooperated with the Institute of Genetics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences to carry out research on white lotus space mutation breeding, and successfully cultivated the "space lotus" series. The "space lotus" series has the characteristics of long growth period, many flowers, large plants, large grains, high seed setting rate, high yield and good quality. It is an excellent new variety of Zilian. At the same time, it has the characteristics of high protein, low fat and rich amino acid content. Its crude protein is 2 to 3 percentage points higher than that of conventional varieties. Guangchang vigorously promoted this new variety, forming the Baili White Lotus Belt, becoming the country's largest white lotus producing area. In the country's white lotus producing areas, more than 1 million acres of white lotus have been introduced into Guangchang space lotus.
Guangchang Bailian traditional processing techniques originated from the Sui and Tang Dynasties, and gradually formed traditional folk techniques with strong local characteristics, mainly including dozens of manual processes such as picking, threshing, shelling, rinsing, through core, baking, etc., each process has Strict attention and requirements. Especially in the baking process, the fire control is very important, and the experienced lotus farmer is required to teach and teach. To master this complete set of traditional processing technology, it is necessary to have long-term production practice experience. Guangchang farmers have been influenced by this traditional processing technology since they were young. Therefore, most of them are proficient in mastering a whole set of traditional planting and processing techniques. The production and processing of Tongxin Bailian have the unique flavor of Guangchang Bailian, the origin. In June 2008, Guangchang's white lotus production techniques and customs were included in the second batch of provincial intangible cultural heritage in Jiangxi Province.
The lotus seed peeling process is called "making lotus seeds". Guangchang white lotus produced and processed by traditional techniques has the characteristics of white color, large grain, sweet taste, fragrance, rich nutrition, high medicinal value, rotten stew, soup and meat. Guangchang Bailian Scientific Research Institute once held a white lotus tasting appraisal meeting, which poured 5 different varieties of Guangchang Baihualian, Hubei Elian, Hunan Cunsanlian, Zhejiang Lishuilian, Fujian Jianlian into thermos bottles filled with boiling water. After 3 and a half hours, it was poured out. The maturity of Guangchang Baihualian was 86%, that of Lishui of Zhejiang was 83%, that of Fujian Jianlian was 66%, that of Hubei Elian was 64%, and that of Hunan Cunsanlian was 61%.
Guangchang Bailian is round or oval in shape, full and even. The fruit is 1.3 to 1.4 cm long, 1.0 to 1.2 cm wide, and the aspect ratio is between 1.2 and 1.3. The flesh is pale yellow and white, and the white lotus in other places is yellow and matte. The weight of a single kernel is 0.98 to 1.05 grams, and the weight of white lotus seeds in other places is only 0.85 to 1.0 grams. Guangchang white lotus processed by traditional technology has rich aroma oil in the pulp and has a unique clear fragrance. The fragrance of white lotus in other places is very light. Guangchang Bailian has no bitterness due to its grain-through core, so it tastes sweet at the bottom of the throat. White lotuses in other places have a bitterness due to its low core-through rate. Guangchang white lotus stew is easy to rot and has a soft texture. White lotus in other places is not easy to rot, and the mouth is crunchy and hard.
Guangchang white lotus has a high protein content, and the dry protein content is generally 18.5 to 22.5%, which is 2 to 5 percentage points higher than other white lotuses. Guangchang Bailian is rich in amino acids, rich in nicotinic acid, vitamins, vitamins, and trace elements such as copper, manganese, titanium, calcium, iron, zinc, and also rich in superoxide dismutase (Fe-SOD). A natural oxygen free radical scavenger with anti-inflammatory, anti-radiation and anti-aging effects. Guangchang Bailian contains specific ingredients such as "Lianjing", "Liansuside", "Lotus Root" and "Oxidanthinine", Tongxinbailian has strong stomach, spleen, lungs and heart, nourishing yin and blood, and solidifying kidney. Functions.